Mount Royal, A Territory to Discover

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The chalet lookout

Well before F.L Olmsted created the park in 1874, the remarkable viewpoints of the city and the plain from Mount Royal were popular sites. It was only in 1906 that the municipal administration commissioned architects Maxwell, Marchand and Haskell to build an observation terrace. They constructed three summer pavilions linked by covered passages, right on the edge of the escarpment. The site became a popular attraction in the city and the three Maxwell pavilions, victims of their own popularity, rapidly became too small. The terrace, which was completely restored and redeveloped in 1992, was renamed the Belvédère Kondiaronk in 1998.


Postal Card
Les amis de la montagne Collection

Questions :

(1) Kondiaronk is the name of a great First Nation's Chief who contributed to the signing of the Peace Treaty in 1701.

Answer True

(2) The lookout chalet served for a long time as a refuge for snowshoers.

Answer True

View from the lookout about  13 000 years ago
Glacier melting - Champlain sea
© Jacques Goldstyn

View from the lookout about 8400 years ago
Gradual warming - Boreal forest
© Jacques Goldstyn

View from the lookout about  500 years ago
Human presence - Decideous forest
© Jacques Goldstyn

A view of the city of Montreal in Canda taken from the top of the mountain, October 1784
James Peachey
© Bibliothèque et archives Canada

Montreal in 1832.
James Duncan (1806-1881)
1832, 19th century
© McCord Museum

Montreal, Canada East, from the Mountain
Edwin Whitefield
1852, 19th century
Ink on paper - Lithography
49.2 x 89 cm
Gift of Mr. David Ross McCord
© McCord Museum


Montreal from Mount Royal, QC, about 1890
Wm. Notman & Son
About 1890, 19th century
Silver salts on glass - Gelatin dry plate process
20 x 25 cm
Purchase from Associated Screen News Ltd.
© McCord Museum

Montreal from Mount Royal, QC, 1961
Anonyme - Anonymous
1961, 20th century
© McCord Museum